A Clinico-Pathological Study of Paediatric Primary Tumour of Eye & Orbit
Keywords:Pediatric age group, ocular tumors, malignant, benign, vision loss.
Introduction: Tumors occurring in pediatric age group comprises about 2% of all tumors. Ocular tumors represent a different histological spectrum in children than in adults. Diagnosis of ocular tumors in initial stages in pediatric age group is a challenge for the opthalmologists. Early diagnosed tumors have higher cure rates due to immediate treatment. Incidence of orbital tumor is -3.5-4%. Orbito-ocular tumors are unsightly and may contribute to visual disturbances. Visual loss in children has implications for all aspects of the child’s development.
Materials & Method: This is the prospective study including 80 registered cases below 12 years of age at M&J western regional Institute of Ophthalmology , B.J. Medical College & Civil hospital , Ahmedabad. Histopathological examination was carried out on all the specimens received and the results were noted and analysed.
Results:Out of 80 cases, 37 were benign (46.2%) and 43 were malignant (53.7%).43 were males and 36 were females. Most common site involved was Retina and Retinoblastoma was the most common tumor found. Rhabdomyosarcoma was the most common extra-ocular tumor. Dermoid cyst was the most common benign lesion.
Conclusion: In this study, maximum number of cases fall in the age group 0-6 years of age. Retinoblastoma is the most common tumor found in the pediatric age group followed by Dermoid cyst.