Determination of Sex by Osteometry of Third Metatarsal


  • Arthy1 , Rohit Goel2 , Sreenivas M3



Metatarsal, Sex determination, Morphometric traits.


In forensic anthropology and bio archaeology, sex determination is considered to be a primary step, as
accurate identification of one sex eliminates half of the population of other sex. Though pelvis, cranium
and long bones are considered more accurate indicators for sex determination, they are often not available
or fragmented. The aim of this study is to specify the relation between prediction of sex of an individual
and osteometry (length and mid shaft diameter) of third metatarsal and to assess the reliability of these
morphometric traits in predicting the sex of the individual. Sample used in the study were 100 cases (50
males and 50 females) presenting for post mortem examination in the mortuary of Lok Nayak Hospital and
Maulana Azad Medical College. The present study found sex determination accuracy of third metatarsal to
be 67% to 72%, which rose to 75 % on combination of variables from both sides. The results suggest that
metatarsal bones can be used for sex determination when remains are fragmented or incomplete.

Author Biography

Arthy1 , Rohit Goel2 , Sreenivas M3

1Resident, 2Senior Resident, 3Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College,
New Delhi



How to Cite

Arthy1 , Rohit Goel2 , Sreenivas M3. (2020). Determination of Sex by Osteometry of Third Metatarsal. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 1-6.