Demographic Profile and Pattern of Presentation of Organophosphorus Poisoning at Tertiary Care Hospital Agra

Authors

  • Mustaria Pankaj Kumar Shusil1 , Ajay Agarwal2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10323

Keywords:

Organophosphorus, Lacrimation, Tachycardia, Convulsion, Altered Consciousness, Respiratory symptoms.

Abstract

India is agriculture dominant country and organophosphorus commonly used by former in agriculture field.

Therefore, Organophosphorus poisoning is common India. Study done at emergency department to know

the pattern of sign and symptoms presentation at the time of admission. Total number of cases was 160, out

of them 102 (64%) were males and only 58 (36%) were females. Male to female ratio was 1.75:1. farmers 61

(38%) were commonly affected, followed by 35(22%) of patients were housewives and 26 (16%) of patients

were students. symptoms presented were vomiting 150 (93.75%) and salivation 150 (93.75%), followed

by sweating 147 (91.88%), lacrimation 102 (63.75%) and blurring of vision 80 (50%), breathlessness

(40%), faecal incontinence (31.88%), urinary incontinence (18.13%), headache (18.13%) and convulsion

(10%). commonest signs were smell of poison 150 (93.75%), followed by tachypnoea 134 (83.75%),

altered consciousness 115 (71.88%), miosis 86 (53.75%), fasciculation 70 (43.75%), tachycardia (36.25%),

bradycardia (28.13) and pulmonary oedema (06.25%). Increased body secretions were the commonest

presentation then other symptoms followed were blurring vision, tachypnoea altered consciousness, and

respiratory symptoms. It can be helpful to make diagnosis and take awareness, preventive measures about

organophosphorus poisoning.

Author Biography

Mustaria Pankaj Kumar Shusil1 , Ajay Agarwal2

1 Assistant Professor, Forensic Medicine &Toxicology Department, MLB Medical College, Jhansi (UP), 2 Prof &HOD, Forensic Medicine &Toxicology Department, S. N. Medical college, Agra (UP))

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Mustaria Pankaj Kumar Shusil1 , Ajay Agarwal2. (2020). Demographic Profile and Pattern of Presentation of Organophosphorus Poisoning at Tertiary Care Hospital Agra. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 39-44. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10323