A Four Years’ Retrospective Study of Poisoning Cases in Southern India
Keywords:Poisoning, demographic profile, pattern, Aluminum phosphide, Organophosphate compound.
Objective: To study the pattern of poisoning in Visakhapatnam and its demographic correlates.
Materials & method: The study was retrospectively conducted in all poisoning cases admitted in Casualty
department of Anil Neerukonda Hospital, Visakhapatnam and carried out during the period of 1st Jan 2014
to 31st Dec 2017.
Results: Majority (47.37%) of the subjects were between the ages of 20-29years with slight preponderance
towards female (52.63%) as compared to male (47.37%). Most of the cases belonged to lower socioeconomic
status (94.74%). Place of occurrence was most commonly within the house (85.97%) & it was predominantly
observed during winter season. Aluminum phosphide (21.05%) was the most commonly abused substance
followed by Organophosphate compounds (14.04%).
Conclusion: The government should take legislative steps to curb down the menace of poison in the hands
of the vulnerable people in the society primarily focusing on developing the poisons with less toxicity or
non-toxic to humans.
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