Effect of Audio Assisted Relaxation Therapy on Level of Blood Pressure among Mothers with Pregnancy Induced Hypertension
Keywords:Pregnancy induced hypertension, Audio Assisted relaxation Therapy, Pregnant Mothers, blood pressure.
Introduction: The incidence of PIH is about 8-10% of pregnancies. Hypertensive disorder of pregnancy
if unchecked will result in eclampsia with generalized convulsions, HELLP syndrome etc. It is usually
managed with medicines. There are various non-pharmacological treatment like muscle relaxation,
meditation, breathing etc. which are used to control of hypertension. Present study was aimed to assess the
effectiveness of audio assisted relaxation therapy on level of blood pressure among mother with pregnancy
Method: Experimental approach with one group pretest- posttest design was used for the study. Study was
conducted among 30 antenatal mothers diagnosed with PIH admitted in Kamla Nehru Hospital, Shimla H.P,
selected by using convenience sampling technique. Semi structured interview schedule is used to collect
background information and sphygmomanometer was used to measure the level of blood pressure. The
blood pressure (BP) was monitored three times a day for two days to obtain a baseline data and average
of it was considered as pre-test. Audio assisted relaxation therapy was then administered for 20 minutes
per sessions, two times a day for three days. The blood pressure (BP) was monitored before and after each
session of relaxation therapy
Results: The mean posttest systolic is BP, 139.81 mm of Hg was significantly lower than the mean pretest
systolic BP, 146.45 mm of Hg. The mean posttest diastolic BP, 87.63 mm of Hg was also lower than the
mean pretest diastolic BP, 92.06 mm. Both differences were significant at the level of <0.001.
Discussion: The result of present study shows there is a significant difference in BP before and after
intervention. So audio assisted relaxation therapy can be used as an effective add on intervention for the
management of with women hypertension during pregnancy.
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