A Study of Awareness on Artificial Insemination among Medical College Students
Keywords:Artificial insemination, Assisted reproductive technique, Awareness, medical students
Introduction: Artificial Insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female’s cervix or
uterine cavity for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than
sexual intercourse. This is one among the methods of assisted reproductive technique. This study aims to
find out the level of awareness about Artificial Insemination among medical students
Materials and Method: This is a questionnaire-based study. A self-administered questionnaire in multiple
choice format distributed among the medical students of Saveetha medical college. Total of 120 students,
Forty students from each batch from second to final year were randomly chosen to participate in the the
Results: 120 medical students participated in the survey out of which 76.67% of students had adequate
awareness on artificial insemination. 85% of students knew the correct definition of AI while 86.74% were
able to correctly identify the techniques used for artificial insemination. Final years medical students had
more awareness on artificial insemination than their junior colleagues, and 2nd years medical students had
least awareness.Students have inadequate knowledge on the technical aspect of artifical insemination like
storage of semen (21%, n-25) and the time duration of sperm viability (54%, n-65) etc. Students also having
inadequate knowledge on the legal, social and psychological issues like donor selection, consent of the
spouse and the importance of understanding between the partners on artificial insemination.
Discussion: Most of the respondents knew about the basics of Artificial insemination with less awareness on
its technical aspect, legal and ethical implications. Medical education have been a good source of information
and the inclusion of Artificial Insemination as a form of infertility management in the curriculum of medical
students could help in increasing awareness among students.
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