Effectiveness of Occular Muscle Exercises on Myopic Individuals with Forward Head Posture
Keywords:Ocular exercises, craniovertebral angle, forward shoulder angle .
Background: The dependence of today’s younger generation on technology is increasing and the work
hours spent by professionals in front of computer screens are also increasing. These are the leading causes of
myopia. Task related postural adaptation may also cause myopia. However, very few if any people suffering
from myopia are being referred to a physiotherapist. There is positive effect of ocular muscle exercises on
increasing visual acuity and decreasing stress on the ocular muscles.
Objective: The objective of this study was to find out the effect of ocular muscle exercises on myopic
individuals with forward head posture.
Method: There were total 46 subjects who were willing participants of this study. They were divided in
two groups one excremental who received exercises while other was control. Pre intervention and post
intervention postural assessment were taken and analysed.
Result: There was a significant effect of the ocular exercises on craniovertebral angle of these myopic
individuals compared control group (p = 0.0219). Its effect on forward shoulder angle was not quite
significant (p = 0.0619).
Conclusion: Ocular exercises are not quite effective in improving forward head posture.
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