Proportion of Diagonal Ear Lobe Crease and its Association With Sudden Death Due to Coronary Artery Disease- An Autopsy Study

Authors

  • Anwar Abdul Rahman1 , Renju Raveendran2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10340

Keywords:

diagonal ear lobe crease, coronary artery disease, sudden death, extra cardiovascular physical predictors.

Abstract

Coronary artery disease has been a number one killer worldwide and in India it has increased phenomenally

as the most important cause of sudden natural death of cardiac aetiology in the last few decades. Changing

lifestyles, stress, habits, presence of other predisposing pathologies etc have played direct as well as indirect

roles in its causation. Conventionally the predictors for coronary artery disease have been predominantly

risk factors. Notwithstanding this, of recently a number of extra cardio vascular physical parameters like ear

lobe crease have shown a reasonably promising trend in predicting the presence of coronary artery disease

thereby enabling prompt intervention which in turn can reduce cardiac mortality in the long run. The present

study focuses on this aspect of detecting an association between diagonal ear lobe crease and sudden death

due to coronary artery disease. A total of 188 cases brought for medicolegal autopsy was studied. It has been

revealed that diagonal ear lobe crease detected at autopsy has a statistically significant association with both

the presence of coronary artery disease as well as the severity of atheromatous occlusion in sudden deaths.

Hence diagonal ear lobe crease can have a reasonable predictive value in detecting coronary artery disease

that could be used for the early detection of individuals with coronary artery disease and thus pave the way

for early interventional strategies.

Author Biography

Anwar Abdul Rahman1 , Renju Raveendran2

1 Senior Resident, 2Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine, Government Medical College, Kottayam.

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Anwar Abdul Rahman1 , Renju Raveendran2. (2020). Proportion of Diagonal Ear Lobe Crease and its Association With Sudden Death Due to Coronary Artery Disease- An Autopsy Study. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 133-137. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10340