Factors that Correlation to Occupational Contact Dermatitis Among Tobacco Farmers in Jember District, East Java Province, Indonesia

Authors

  • Anita Dewi Prahastuti Sujoso1,2, Tri Martiana*3 , Santi Martini4 ,Firman Suryadi Rahman1

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10348

Keywords:

occupational contact dermatitis, tobacco farmers, tobacco workers

Abstract

Introduction. Contact dermatitis is positived by most agricultural sector workers. Tobacco farming is one of

the places where chemicals are sourced from pesticides, fertilizers, and also nicotine derived from tobacco

leaves. This study aims to analyze the factors associated with contact dermatitis in tobacco farmers in Jember,

East Java Province, Indonesia. Method. The research design is case control with 155 tobacco farmers. The

dependent variable of this study is Occuptional Contact Dermatitis (OCD) as measured through the results

of a doctor’s examination. Independent variables are individual factors and occupational factors. Individual

factors include age, sex, education, individual hygiene, use of personal protective equipment, and complaints

of GTS. Occupational factors consist of the main job, additional work, types of tobacco leaves, work at risk,

work period, length of work, length of rest. Data analysis used Chi-Square test with a significance value

of p <0,05. Result and Discussion. The results revealed that factors related to OCD in tobacco farmers in

Jember Regency were age (p = 0.037), education (0,013), GTS complaints (p = 0,030), type of tobacco leaf

(p=0,005), working periode (p=0,042) and working hours (p=0,008). Conclusion Individual factors related

to OCD in tobacco farmers are age, education, and GTS complaints. Occupational factors related to OCD

are the type of tobacco leaves, working periode and length of work. This study revealed that OCD through

promotion and integrated occupational health education.

Author Biography

Anita Dewi Prahastuti Sujoso1,2, Tri Martiana*3 , Santi Martini4 ,Firman Suryadi Rahman1

1 Doctoral Program of Public Health Faculty Universitas Airlangga, 2Faculty of Public Health University

of Jember, 3 Occupational Safety and Health Department Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga. 4

Epidemiology Department Faculty of Public Health Universitas Airlangga

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Anita Dewi Prahastuti Sujoso1,2, Tri Martiana*3 , Santi Martini4 ,Firman Suryadi Rahman1. (2020). Factors that Correlation to Occupational Contact Dermatitis Among Tobacco Farmers in Jember District, East Java Province, Indonesia. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 168-173. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10348