Epidemiological Profile of Fatal Abdominal Injuries Secondary to Blunt Force Impact: Autopsy based Study Conducted At A. J. Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Mangaluru
Keywords:Abdominal Trauma; blunt force; Hemorrhage; Pelvic trauma.
Background: Evaluating patients who have sustained blunt abdominal trauma remains one of the most challenging
and resource-intensive aspects of acute trauma care.6,7 The objective of this dissertation is to analyse the pattern of
fatal abdominal injuries secondary to blunt force impact.
Aim: The aim of this research is to analyze the pattern of fatal abdominal injuries secondary to blunt force impact
Materials and Method: Detailed observations for 38 autopsies with evidence of fatal abdominal trauma during the
period October 2014 to July 2016 were carried out. Routine information like age, sex, occupation brief facts of the
cases collected from the inquest report. Clinical history like time of admission, and deaths and other relevant data
was collected from the hospital case sheets and death summaries.
Results: Analysis involves 38 autopsies with evidence of fatal abdominal trauma during the period October 2014
to July 2016. The most common age group involved was between 21-30 years of age comprising 26% of total 38
cases followed by the age group of 11-20 years comprising 21% of total cases. The most common cause of blunt
fatal abdominal trauma was vehicular accident seen in 84% of cases. In 38 cases, it was found that 24 cases (63%)
were dead on arrival. Amongst 32 vehicular accidents, a total of 21 pedestrians (66%) were killed in 38 fatal blunt
abdominal trauma cases. Liver was the organ mainly affected in fatal blunt abdominal trauma followed by pelvic
trauma and kidney. Haemorrhage accounted for the largest number of cases (94.74%).
Conclusion: The present study emphasizes the need for adopting measures to prevent morbidity and mortality
resulting from blunt abdominal trauma.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions