Epidemiological Profile of Fatal Abdominal Injuries Secondary to Blunt Force Impact: Autopsy based Study Conducted At A. J. Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Mangaluru

Authors

  • Arun Pinchu Xavier1 , Karen Prajwal Castelino 2 , Francis N.P. Monteiro3 , Bharath Shetty4 , M. Deepak5

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10351

Keywords:

Abdominal Trauma; blunt force; Hemorrhage; Pelvic trauma.

Abstract

Background: Evaluating patients who have sustained blunt abdominal trauma remains one of the most challenging

and resource-intensive aspects of acute trauma care.6,7 The objective of this dissertation is to analyse the pattern of

fatal abdominal injuries secondary to blunt force impact.

Aim: The aim of this research is to analyze the pattern of fatal abdominal injuries secondary to blunt force impact

Materials and Method: Detailed observations for 38 autopsies with evidence of fatal abdominal trauma during the

period October 2014 to July 2016 were carried out. Routine information like age, sex, occupation brief facts of the

cases collected from the inquest report. Clinical history like time of admission, and deaths and other relevant data

was collected from the hospital case sheets and death summaries.

Results: Analysis involves 38 autopsies with evidence of fatal abdominal trauma during the period October 2014

to July 2016. The most common age group involved was between 21-30 years of age comprising 26% of total 38

cases followed by the age group of 11-20 years comprising 21% of total cases. The most common cause of blunt

fatal abdominal trauma was vehicular accident seen in 84% of cases. In 38 cases, it was found that 24 cases (63%)

were dead on arrival. Amongst 32 vehicular accidents, a total of 21 pedestrians (66%) were killed in 38 fatal blunt

abdominal trauma cases. Liver was the organ mainly affected in fatal blunt abdominal trauma followed by pelvic

trauma and kidney. Haemorrhage accounted for the largest number of cases (94.74%).

Conclusion: The present study emphasizes the need for adopting measures to prevent morbidity and mortality

resulting from blunt abdominal trauma.

Author Biography

Arun Pinchu Xavier1 , Karen Prajwal Castelino 2 , Francis N.P. Monteiro3 , Bharath Shetty4 , M. Deepak5

1Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Mookambika Institute of Medical Sciences,

Kulasekharam, Tamil Nadu: 629161, India. (Affiliated to Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Tamil Nadu). 2 Assistant

Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore:,

Karnataka, India. (Affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka), 3 Professor & H.O.D.,

Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, A.J. Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Mangalore,

India. (Affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka), 4 Assistant Professor, Department

of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, KVG Medical College, Kurunjibag, Sullia:, Karnataka, India. (Affiliated to

Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka), 5 Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine

& Toxicology, Shimoga Institute of Medical Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India. (Affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi

University of Health Sciences, Karnataka)

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Arun Pinchu Xavier1 , Karen Prajwal Castelino 2 , Francis N.P. Monteiro3 , Bharath Shetty4 , M. Deepak5. (2020). Epidemiological Profile of Fatal Abdominal Injuries Secondary to Blunt Force Impact: Autopsy based Study Conducted At A. J. Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Mangaluru. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 188-193. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10351