Pattern of Injuries in Road Traffic Accidents – An Autopsy Study
Keywords:Road traffic accidents, skull fractures, thoracic injuries, safety measures.
The present study is a retrospective study conducted in the department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
at East Point College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, for a period of one year, from
September 2018 to August 2019. During this period a total of 46 cases of road traffic accidents were reported
amounting to 34.6% of total medico-legal autopsies conducted (133 cases).
Among 46 cases of road traffic accident majority were males 39 (84.8%) and females account to 7 cases
(15.2%). Majority of the victims belonged to age group of 31 - 50 years. According to the road user category
involved in the accident the maximum were pedestrians (45.7 %) followed by the two wheeler (43.5 %) and
the main offending vehicle involved in the accidents were two wheeler (43.5 %). High proportion of cases
showed skull fractures (87 %), 52.2 % shows chest bone fractures, followed by lower limb (32.6 %) and
upper limb (21.7 %) fractures. Most of the skull fractures were associated with brain injury (82.6%) in the
form of laceration or contusions of brain or brain haemorrhages, followed by thoracic injuries leading to
lung lacerations or contusions (30.4%). Following the road traffic accidents, most of the victims (80.4%)
died at the scene before reaching the hospital.
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