Pattern of Injuries in Road Traffic Accidents – An Autopsy Study

Authors

  • K H Thippeswamy1 , Ravindra Kumar C N2 , H C Govinda Raju3

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10363

Keywords:

Road traffic accidents, skull fractures, thoracic injuries, safety measures.

Abstract

The present study is a retrospective study conducted in the department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

at East Point College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, for a period of one year, from

September 2018 to August 2019. During this period a total of 46 cases of road traffic accidents were reported

amounting to 34.6% of total medico-legal autopsies conducted (133 cases).

Among 46 cases of road traffic accident majority were males 39 (84.8%) and females account to 7 cases

(15.2%). Majority of the victims belonged to age group of 31 - 50 years. According to the road user category

involved in the accident the maximum were pedestrians (45.7 %) followed by the two wheeler (43.5 %) and

the main offending vehicle involved in the accidents were two wheeler (43.5 %). High proportion of cases

showed skull fractures (87 %), 52.2 % shows chest bone fractures, followed by lower limb (32.6 %) and

upper limb (21.7 %) fractures. Most of the skull fractures were associated with brain injury (82.6%) in the

form of laceration or contusions of brain or brain haemorrhages, followed by thoracic injuries leading to

lung lacerations or contusions (30.4%). Following the road traffic accidents, most of the victims (80.4%)

died at the scene before reaching the hospital.

Author Biography

K H Thippeswamy1 , Ravindra Kumar C N2 , H C Govinda Raju3

1 Associate Professor, 2 Assistant Professor, 3Professor & Head, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology,

East Point College of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Bidarahalli, Bangalore

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

K H Thippeswamy1 , Ravindra Kumar C N2 , H C Govinda Raju3. (2020). Pattern of Injuries in Road Traffic Accidents – An Autopsy Study. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 252-257. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10363