Profile of Medicolegal Autopsy Cases Conducted at Tertiary Care Centre, Kalaburagi, Karnataka
Keywords:Medico legal Autopsy, Road traffic accidents, Poisoning
Objectives: The profile of medico legal autopsy cases is important in order to know the death statistics in a
region due to unnatural causes. The main objectives of the study were: a) To ascertain the various aspects of
unnatural deaths, b) To analyze the probable reasons for the same & c) To find remedial measures to bring
down the incidence.
Materials and Method: The present study is a retrospective study of autopsies performed at GIMS, District
Hospital, Kalaburagi, Karnataka from January 2018 to December 2018. During this period a total of 647
autopsy cases were conducted. Relevant information and subjective data like age, sex, marital status &
manner of death have been collected from medicolegal autopsy register from January 2018 to December
Results: Out of 647 cases analyzed, maximum number of autopsies were in the age group of 21-30 years with
204 cases(31.5%). Majority of victims were males 437(67.5%). Hindus were majority in number with 540
cases(83.4%), married were 432(66.8%) & unmarried were 215 cases(33.2%). In our study 73% were rural
residents & only 27% were urban. Accident, Suicide and Homicide deaths were 282(43.6%), 331(51.2%)&
34(5.2%) cases respectively. Natural deaths were seen in 14% cases. Maximum number of deaths were due
to road traffic accidents with 212 cases (32.8%) followed by poisoning with 85 cases (13.1%). Out of total
647 cases maximum number of autopsy cases 317(49.1%) were conducted in the month of May to August.
Conclusion: In our present study it is observed that maximum cases were in 3rd decade of life, Males
outnumbered females, rural residents were more in number. Hindus being majority formed bulk of cases.
RTA, Poisoning & burns were seen as leading cause of death & maximum deaths were in the month of May
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