Histopathological Study of the Freshwater Fish Ctenopharyngodon Idella Exposed to ?-Cyhalothrin 5% EC

Authors

  • G. Rajeswari.1 , Lalitha Vinnakota1 , V.Venkata Rathnamma2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10368

Keywords:

Ctenopharyngodon idella, Lambda cyhalothrin 5% EC, Sublethal exposure, histopathology of Gill, Liver and Kidney.

Abstract

Present study Lambda cyhalothrin is a synthetic pyrethroid widely used for pest management and public

health applications to control insects. It is categorized as a restricted use pesticide in Extension Toxicology

Network for its toxicity to fish. But its usage for the control of major pest in agriculture is being continued

in developing countries like India. The freshwater fish Ctenopharyngodon idella were exposed in sub

lethal concentrations (1/10 of lethal concentrations) of lambda cyhalothrin 5%EC for 1 and 12 days along

with controls to study histopathological changes under light microscope in the selected tissues viz., liver,

kidney and gill were examined. Swelling of the hepatocytes with diffuse necrosis and marked swelling of

blood vessels were observed in the liver tissue. Tubules of the kidney were distended, with tubular cells of

posterior kidney exhibiting marked necrotic changes. Pathology of the gill tissue showed shortened primary

lamellae, loss of secondary lamellae and congestion of blood vessels and hyperplasia of branchial plates and

the pathology increased with increasing exposure periods.

Author Biography

G. Rajeswari.1 , Lalitha Vinnakota1 , V.Venkata Rathnamma2

1 Research Scholars, 2Associate Professor, Department of Zoology and Aquaculture,

Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur, A.P, India

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

G. Rajeswari.1 , Lalitha Vinnakota1 , V.Venkata Rathnamma2. (2020). Histopathological Study of the Freshwater Fish Ctenopharyngodon Idella Exposed to ?-Cyhalothrin 5% EC. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 279-284. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10368