Histopathological Study of the Freshwater Fish Ctenopharyngodon Idella Exposed to ?-Cyhalothrin 5% EC
Keywords:Ctenopharyngodon idella, Lambda cyhalothrin 5% EC, Sublethal exposure, histopathology of Gill, Liver and Kidney.
Present study Lambda cyhalothrin is a synthetic pyrethroid widely used for pest management and public
health applications to control insects. It is categorized as a restricted use pesticide in Extension Toxicology
Network for its toxicity to fish. But its usage for the control of major pest in agriculture is being continued
in developing countries like India. The freshwater fish Ctenopharyngodon idella were exposed in sub
lethal concentrations (1/10 of lethal concentrations) of lambda cyhalothrin 5%EC for 1 and 12 days along
with controls to study histopathological changes under light microscope in the selected tissues viz., liver,
kidney and gill were examined. Swelling of the hepatocytes with diffuse necrosis and marked swelling of
blood vessels were observed in the liver tissue. Tubules of the kidney were distended, with tubular cells of
posterior kidney exhibiting marked necrotic changes. Pathology of the gill tissue showed shortened primary
lamellae, loss of secondary lamellae and congestion of blood vessels and hyperplasia of branchial plates and
the pathology increased with increasing exposure periods.
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