Effect of Unilateral and Bilateral Shoulder Rehabilitation Exercise Protocol in Patients Secondary to Radical Mastectomy
Keywords:Shoulder rehabilitation, Mastectomy, Shoulder pain and disability index(SPADI), Range of motion (ROM), Manual muscle testing(MMT).
Background: Mastectomy is an operation which causes many changes in a woman’s body. Its consequence
is, among other things, lymphatic edemas, limitation of movements and strength of the upper limb of the
patient, experiences in the emotional sphere, difficulties related to the postoperative scar and the results of
supplementing treatment such a radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Recent studies have shown the result of
effective physiotherapy treatment postoperatively. There is a paucity of literature available showing the
effect of bilateral approach rather than a unilateral one for the recovery
Objective: Objective of the study was to find out the effect of effect of unilateral and bilateral shoulder
rehabilitation exercise protocol in patients secondary to radical mastectomy
Method: A total of 20 females who underwent mastectomy procedure along with chemotherapy were
included in the study. Demographic data and consent form were taken from the patients. Group A was
received treatment for the unilateral i.e. the affected side and group B received treatment bilaterally for five
days per week for eight weeks and pre and post assessment was done with shoulder pain and disability index
(SPADI), range of motion (ROM) and manual muscle testing (MMT)
Results: Statistics results within the group values for Group A SPADI (p=0.6385) and mean difference
Conclusion: A proper knowledge regarding ergonomics is important to avoid the development of
musculoskeletal disorders, taking stretch breaks in between long working hours can provide a healthier
working environment for nursing staff and maximize human resource efficiency.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions