Awareness of Most Commonly Used Drugs in Dentistry Inducing Teratogenic Effects among Dental Practitioners

Authors

  • Ramani Priya1 , Krithika. C2 Gayathri.P.S 3 , Manju.J4 , Priyanka.p5 , Praveenkumar.S5

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10393

Keywords:

Pregnancy, trimesters, medications, teratogenic effects, Dental practitioners.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the awareness of most commonly used drugs in dentistry inducing

teratogenic effects, among dental practitioners. Birth defects may be caused by many factors such as physical

conditions, teratogens, environmental exposures, genetic defects, etc., Although prescription drug use is

common during pregnancy, the human teratogenic risks are undetermined for more than 90% drug treatments

approved in the USA during the past decades. A particular birth defect may have its origins through multiple

mechanisms and possible exposures including medications. A specific chemical process may result in

different outcomes depending upon factors such as embryonic age at which a drug is administered, duration

and dose of exposure and genetic susceptibility. Estimating the risk of fetal malformations attribute to the

use of medications is difficult and perception of risk by health professionals will impact their counseling and

treatment of patients. Pregnancy is a unique physiologic condition and importantly specific drugs like folic

acid use may have several benefits for pregnant mother. The patient should maintain a good gynecologist

patient-Dentist communication. For example a woman with two spontaneous abortions would be expected

to be skeptical of any drug therapy in her next pregnancy and by communicating this to physicians and

respective clinician. She may influence the physician and dentist perception. The clinician should be aware

of all the newer drugs and its teratogenic effects. For health professionals this includes awareness of specific

drug information and sources that provide realistic descriptions of risk beyond product monographs. A

greater focus on this aspect may act to balance Risk perceptions. Physicians and dentists need to weigh risks

and benefits of drug prescribing to pregnant patients based on the available knowledge.

Author Biography

Ramani Priya1 , Krithika. C2 Gayathri.P.S 3 , Manju.J4 , Priyanka.p5 , Praveenkumar.S5

1Professor, 2HOD & Professor, 3. Reader, 4Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology,

Thai Moogambigai Dental College & Hospital, Chennai, 5 Student-Intern, Thai moogambigai Dental College &

Hospital, Chennai

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Ramani Priya1 , Krithika. C2 Gayathri.P.S 3 , Manju.J4 , Priyanka.p5 , Praveenkumar.S5. (2020). Awareness of Most Commonly Used Drugs in Dentistry Inducing Teratogenic Effects among Dental Practitioners. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 407-410. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10393