Awareness of Most Commonly Used Drugs in Dentistry Inducing Teratogenic Effects among Dental Practitioners
Keywords:Pregnancy, trimesters, medications, teratogenic effects, Dental practitioners.
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the awareness of most commonly used drugs in dentistry inducing
teratogenic effects, among dental practitioners. Birth defects may be caused by many factors such as physical
conditions, teratogens, environmental exposures, genetic defects, etc., Although prescription drug use is
common during pregnancy, the human teratogenic risks are undetermined for more than 90% drug treatments
approved in the USA during the past decades. A particular birth defect may have its origins through multiple
mechanisms and possible exposures including medications. A specific chemical process may result in
different outcomes depending upon factors such as embryonic age at which a drug is administered, duration
and dose of exposure and genetic susceptibility. Estimating the risk of fetal malformations attribute to the
use of medications is difficult and perception of risk by health professionals will impact their counseling and
treatment of patients. Pregnancy is a unique physiologic condition and importantly specific drugs like folic
acid use may have several benefits for pregnant mother. The patient should maintain a good gynecologist
patient-Dentist communication. For example a woman with two spontaneous abortions would be expected
to be skeptical of any drug therapy in her next pregnancy and by communicating this to physicians and
respective clinician. She may influence the physician and dentist perception. The clinician should be aware
of all the newer drugs and its teratogenic effects. For health professionals this includes awareness of specific
drug information and sources that provide realistic descriptions of risk beyond product monographs. A
greater focus on this aspect may act to balance Risk perceptions. Physicians and dentists need to weigh risks
and benefits of drug prescribing to pregnant patients based on the available knowledge.
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