Assessment of Salivary Flow Rate in Edentulous Patient

Authors

  • Nurul Afiqah Amani Binti Zaaba1 , Dhanraj2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10400

Keywords:

Salivary flow rate, complete denture, edentulous patient

Abstract

Background: Complete denture help to re-establish the occlusion and aesthetic to such extent it mimic the

previously missing teeth and other features which may be lose over the time. In a complete denture wearer,

saliva is responsible for the retention of the prosthesis due to its lubricating function. It also aid in integrity,

adhesion and stabilisation of dentures in position after the placement. It act as interposed salivary film which

allowed the prosthesis to lie on the film rather than on the bare mucosa. This would help to protect the tissues

from the hydration and forces of the denture base that acting on it. Therefore, maintaining normal pH and

salivary flow rate is required, in order to achieve a better retention of denture as well as good oral health.

Aim: To investigate the relationship between the salivary flow rate before and after the placement of

complete denture.

Materials and Method: There were 15 participants in the age group of 55 to 70 years old, which required

complete denture prosthesis for the first time. The unstimulated or resting whole saliva and stimulated

whole saliva was collected by using spitting method. Saliva production was stimulated by chewing paraffin

wax. The time taken for saliva collection of 5 mL was recorded by using stopwatch. The data obtained was

analysed by using paired t-test.

Results: There was significant difference between the unstimulated whole salivary flow rate and stimulated

whole salivary flow rate before the placement of the denture, which was by 0.20 mL/min. Whereas, the

difference between the unstimulated whole salivary flow rate and stimulated whole salivary flow rate after

the placement also show significant changes which was about 0.14 mL/min. Chewing of paraffin wax as

well as placement of denture act as stimulatory agents in production of saliva.

Conclusion: Stimulated salivary flow rate were higher than the unstimulated salivary flow rate which

obtained before and immediately after the placement of complete denture. There was significant differences

of the salivary flow rate before and after the placement of denture.

Author Biography

Nurul Afiqah Amani Binti Zaaba1 , Dhanraj2

1 Graduatestudent, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, India, 2Head of Department,

Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai, India

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Nurul Afiqah Amani Binti Zaaba1 , Dhanraj2. (2020). Assessment of Salivary Flow Rate in Edentulous Patient. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 444-448. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10400