Effectiveness of Progressive Resistance Drills and Dynamic Balance Training on Functional Performance among the Patients with Osteoarthritis of Knee
Keywords:Osteoarthritis (OA), progressive resistance exercises, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Berg balance Test. Abbreviations: Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC), Osteoarthritis (OA).
Osteoarthritis, degenerative joint disease in which the wearing down of the protective tissue at the ends
of bones (cartilage) occurs gradually and worsens over time. The majority of people aged 40 years have
radiographic evidence of knee osteoarthritis, is more common in women than in men.(1) Exercise has a wide
range of health benefits in every individual. Mostly for middle aged population there is a clear evidence to
support exercise in improving health and functional performance with well evidenced exercise programs.(2,
3) These programs have shown to improve the mobility of joints and strength of muscles around the joints by
performing specific exercises for the specific muscles. This population people are often unable to undertake
high intensity exercise programs. Therefore progressive resistance exercises are been used as an alternative.
Many research studies have reported the benefits of resistance exercises as a physical activity for middle
aged adults and individuals with limited movement.
Method: The subjects in the KIMSDU campus were screened and 41 subjects fulfilling the criteria were
involved. Prior consent was taken. Treatment protocol consists of progressive resistance exercises for 4 days
per week for 6 weeks The interpretation of the study was done on the basis of comparing pre-test and post
test assessment of Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index(WOMAC) and BERG
Result: Intra group comparison results showed that progressive resistance exercises are effective and
WOMAC and Berg Balance Test were statistically extremely significant (p<0.0001) and (p<0.0001)
Conclusion: Progressive resistance exercises were significantly effective in improving the mobility and
function and reducing the pain among the patients with osteoarthritis of knee.
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