Comparison of Stress Patterns in Edentulous Mandibular Bone around Two Implant Retained, Four Implant Retained Overdenture and All-On-Four Concept. - A 3 Dimensional Finite Element Analysis

Authors

  • Puneeth Hegde1 , Shobha Rodrigues2 , Satish Shenoy3 , Tilak Shetty4 , Umesh Pai5 , Sharon Saldhana5 , Mahesh. M5.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10431

Keywords:

atrophic mandible, biomechanics, finite element analysis, implants supported prosthesis, tilted implants.

Abstract

Recently the use of tilted implants has been considered as a preferable option in case of atrophic edentulous

arches. The tilted longer implants can be of use to ward off the important anatomical structures while also

permitting cantilever reduction.

Since the load transfer mechanism of an implant can be altered significantly by the number of implants

and its location in the edentulous ridge, the present study evaluates and compares the stress patterns in the

edentulous mandibular bone around two implant retained, four implant retained over denture and all on four

concepts under different loading conditions using finite element analysis.

Purpose: The biomechanical behaviour of the ‘All-On-Four’ system was compared with that of the two

implant-supported and four-implant supported mandibular overdenture using the three dimensional finite

element method (FEM). Thereby evaluating the von Misses stresses induced on the implants under different

loading simulations.

Materials & Method: Three dimensional models representing mandible restored with ‘All-On-Four’, two

implant-supported and four-implant-supported prosthesis were developed in the three dimensional design

software and then transferred into FEM software. The models were then subjected to four different loading

simulations (full mouth biting, canine disclusion, load on cantilever, load in the absence of cantilever). The

maximum von Mises stresses were localized and quantified for comparison.1

Results: Among the three models, under all loading simulations, the maximum stress concentrations werealong the neck of the

implant. The stress levels for full mouth loading simulation was highest for twoimplant supported overdenture design and the

least for All-On-Four overdenture design. In all three designs,the least stress was when the implants were loaded in a lateral

direction. The stress levels for cantilever andnon-cantilevered designs were nearly the samefor all the simulated designs.

Conclusion: When tested under differentloading simulations, the three modelsshowed similar location and distribution ofstress

patterns. Thus from the study it can beconcluded that the All-On-Four Concept is a clinically applicable treatment option for the

atrophic edentulous ridges and induces least amount of stresseson the edentulous ridges. Therefore the overall longevity of the

prosthesis is greatly enhanced.

Author Biography

Puneeth Hegde1 , Shobha Rodrigues2 , Satish Shenoy3 , Tilak Shetty4 , Umesh Pai5 , Sharon Saldhana5 , Mahesh. M5.

1Associate Professor, 2Professor & Head, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, Manipal College

of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, 3 Professor & Head, Department

of Aeronautical and Automobile Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal, Manipal Academy of

Higher Education, Manipal, 4 Professor, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, Manipal College of

Dental Sciences, Mangalore. Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, 5Associate Professor, Department

of Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Puneeth Hegde1 , Shobha Rodrigues2 , Satish Shenoy3 , Tilak Shetty4 , Umesh Pai5 , Sharon Saldhana5 , Mahesh. M5. (2020). Comparison of Stress Patterns in Edentulous Mandibular Bone around Two Implant Retained, Four Implant Retained Overdenture and All-On-Four Concept. - A 3 Dimensional Finite Element Analysis. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 579-585. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10431