Cheiloscopy – A Tool of Identification
Keywords:lip prints, type 1 pattern, upper right quadrant.
lip prints are a constant anatomical structure and are absolutely unique to an individual and thus are an
infallible means of personal identification. The present study was conducted in the Department of Forensic
Medicine & Toxicology, on Undergraduate students (2015 batch) of Osmania. Medical College, Hyderabad,
Telangana. Sample size comprised of 196 students (78 males &118 females) and aged between 17 and 20
years.In the present study, it was found that, Type I’ lip pattern was most commonly seen among males i.e.
70 out of 78 individuals studied (90%) and among females also type I’ lip print pattern was seen predominant
i.e. 99 out of 118 individuals studied (84%).It was recorded that Type I’ lip print pattern was found to be
more frequent among both the genders followed by type I lip print patterns.The analysis of presence of lip
print in each quadrant among 196 individuals shows that the most common lip print pattern is in Upper right
quadrant (URQ) of male lip was Type I’ 71 (91%), while among females these patterns are found to be 103
(87%).In upper left quadrant (ULQ) Type I’ was found among 71 (91%) males, same as that of 1st quadrant,
while in females it is 98 (83%).In lower left quadrant (LLQ) among the male lip Type I’ [72 (92%)] was
mostly seen, while in females it is same with type I’ pattern of 99 (84%).In lower right quadrant (URQ) of
male showed Type I’ [68 (87%)], while among females type I’ pattern [98 (83%)] was found.
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