Significance of Cheiloscopy and Dermatoglyphics in Sex Determination

Authors

  • V.Anu1 , P.Lokeswari2, S.Madhumitra2 , S.Lavanya2 , C.Lavanya2 , K.Madhumitha2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10456

Keywords:

Lip Print; Finger print; Sex determination; Cheiloscopy; Dermatoglyphics.

Abstract

Background: Personal identification has an important role in forensic sciences. Lip print and thumb print

can be used for personal identification since they are unique for individuals and do not change during the

life of a person.

Objective: To analyse predominant patterns of lip print in females and males, To analyse predominant

patterns of finger print in females and males, To identify if there exists any correlation between lip prints

and finger prints.

Material and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted in Sathyabama Dental College among 500

individuals (250 females and 250 males) between age group of 18-40 years. Fingerprint and lip print of

all the subjects were collected and compared, and the results were analyzed based on Micheal Kucken

classification system for fingerprints and Suzuki and Tsuchihashi classification for lip prints. Descriptive and

inferential statistics were carried out. Level of significance was set as 0.05.

Result: Reticular lip print pattern was found in majority (36.4%) of the males, whereas vertical grooves

(29.6%) and branched grooves (29.6%) are common in females. Finger prints showed that loop pattern is

more common in both males and females. This study showed a significant correlation between lip prints and

thumb pattern in males while females showed no significance.

Author Biography

V.Anu1 , P.Lokeswari2, S.Madhumitra2 , S.Lavanya2 , C.Lavanya2 , K.Madhumitha2

1 Reader and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sathyabama Dental College and Hospital,Chennai, 2 CRRI, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sathyabama Dental College and Hospital, Chennai

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

V.Anu1 , P.Lokeswari2, S.Madhumitra2 , S.Lavanya2 , C.Lavanya2 , K.Madhumitha2. (2020). Significance of Cheiloscopy and Dermatoglyphics in Sex Determination. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 741-744. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10456