A Retrospective Study of Fatal Road Traffic Accidents on Autopsies done at Madurai Medical College and Hospital
Keywords:RTA, Autopsies, Injury profile, Demographic profile, Road safety
Aims: To study the demographic and injury profile in autopsy cases with an alleged history of RTA.
Design: It is a retrospective observational study.
Setting: Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Madurai Medical College, Madurai.
Subjects and Method: All autopsies of RTA victims which were performed between January 2018 to June
2018, were analysed for sex, age, time of RTA, type of vehicle, position of victim during RTA, nature of
injury, and cause of death.
Exclusion Criteria: None
Statistical Analysis : All parameters were expressed in percentage.
Results: A total of 568 RTA victims were referred for autopsy during the period of January 2018 to June
- 301 (53%) victims were between 21-30 years of age, males constituted 71% of the total victims.
Injuries involving limbs constituted 31% of the total injuries, followed by injuries involving head, thorax,
abdomen, pelvis and spine. Among head injuries, fractured skulls occurred in 67%, Subdural Haemorrhage
in 78%, Subarachnoid Haemorrhage in 62%, Extradural Haemorrhage in 49% and Intra-cranial injuries in
22%. Head injury accounted for 67% of deaths, and haemorrhagic shock for 27% of deaths.
Conclusion: Various preventive measures like speed control, helmet use, no driving under alcohol influence
etc., enforcing road safety regulations, and improving emergency medical services could be used to control
the increasing toll of deaths due to RTA.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions