Identification of Sex from Facial Index in Western Maharashtra Population

Authors

  • Umang P. Patel1 , Makandar UK2 , Karkhyle Md layeeque3 , Kailash Balkund2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10462

Keywords:

Spreading calliper, Sliding calliper, Ethnic, Medico-legal, Volunteers.

Abstract

Background: Facial Index anthropometry has well known, implications in health-related fields,

identification of person in Forensic Medicine, Plastic Surgery, Orthodontics, Archaeology, hair style design

and examination of differences between races and ethnicities.

Method:120 (60 Male and 60 female) adults aged between 25 to 45 were studied. Facial height is divided by

Breadth of Zygomatic arch and multiplied by 100. The Measurement were taken from Nasion to Gnathion

and distance between two zygoma by asking the volunteers to sit in upright position, spreading calliper used

for measurement of two zygoma and sliding calliper for Nasion to Gnathion.

Results: The man value of Male Facial Index was 92.1 (SD±0.40) female was 89.2 (SD±0.19),t test value

was 1.97 and p value was highly significant (P<0.01) and anthropologically obtained values belong to

Leptoproscopic Index.

Conclusion: The present study of western Maharashtra will be useful for medico legal expert, anthropologist

to differentiate from other parts of country and abroad as well. Moreover, it would be useful to orthodontics

plastic surgeons for reconstruction of face.

Author Biography

Umang P. Patel1 , Makandar UK2 , Karkhyle Md layeeque3 , Kailash Balkund2

1 Assistant Professor Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 2Professor, 3Associate professor,

Department of Anatomy Vedantaa Institute of Medical Sciences Dhundalwadi DahanuPalghar (Dist), Maharashtra

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Umang P. Patel1 , Makandar UK2 , Karkhyle Md layeeque3 , Kailash Balkund2. (2020). Identification of Sex from Facial Index in Western Maharashtra Population. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 768-771. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10462