A Vignette on the Trend of Medicolegal Cases in a Tertiary Care Hospital in South India
Keywords:Medicolegal profile; RTA; Road safety; Casualty Department; Documentation.
Introduction: Profiling of medico-legal cases is an important aspect for the prevention of preventable
casualties in future and to study the genuine crime in the area which contributes a substantial workload in
Objectives: The aim of the study is to measure the incidence of medicolegal cases recorded in a tertiary care
hospital in South India in one year.
Method: A retrospective analytical content based analysis was made on 776 medicolegal cases recorded in
a tertiary care hospital in South India in one year from June 1st 2017 to May 31st 2018 and the results were
Results: Of the 776 cases, 545 were men and 231 were women with RTA constituting 70.74% (549 cases)
of the cases and poisoning with 10.69% (83 cases) of the cases forming the majority of the case profile.
Conclusion: The study concludes that road traffic accidents are the major causes of medicolegal cases
recorded in a tertiary care hospital in South India. Preventive measures of better traffic control and road
safety are to be instituted at the earliest. More number of medicolegal profiling should be conducted in every
region for further measures.
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