A Qualitative Exploration of Substance Abuse among the Nursing Students of Coastal Karnataka
Keywords:drug abuse, nursing students, substance abuse
Background: To explore the various perceived causes and solutions for substance abuse among the nursing
students in Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
Methods: Group of nursing students belonging to the second year participated in the study. A method of free
listing and pile sorting was employed to discover the causes and solutions for substance abuse.
Conclusion: The primary cause of substance abuse was found to be peer pressure with a salience value of
(0.945) followed by enjoyment (0.614), family problems (0.486). Cognitive mapping revealed the causes
of being grouped under three major headings: psychological imbalance, adaptation to modern lifestyle, and
unhealthy family environment. The solutions suggested by the students were counseling and rehabilitation
with the highest salience value (0.751), awareness about the adverse effects at an early age (0.637). Cognitive
mapping portrayed the solutions grouped into headings like therapies and treatment, external sources, family
care, and support. Factors such as peer pressure, academic pressure, and easy availability of drugs can be
looked into by external institutions to root out the evils of substance abuse
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