Risk Factors of Green Tobacco Sickness on Tobacco Farmers in Jember Indonesia
Keywords:work-related diseases, green tobacco sickness, tobacco farmers.
Introduction. Green Tobacco Sickness (GTS) is a disease in the working population that is still not widely
disclosed. GTS characterized by the main symptoms of nausea, vomiting, dizziness, excessive sweating,
and occurs when in contact with wet tobacco. This research purpose is to assess the factors associated
with the incidence of GTS in tobacco farmers in Jember, Indonesia. Methods. The research design is case
control. Research variables are occupational factors and individual factors. Data analysis using binner
logistic regression. Result and Discussion. The results stated that the variable influencing the case of GTS
in tobacco farmers was the work period OR = 2,944, (CI 1,127-7,693) smoking status OR = 18,083 (CI
6.815-47,984) dermatosis complaints OR = 3,876 (CI = 1,238-12,138) and nutritional status was assessed
with a BMI, OR = 2.643 (CI = 1.038-6.733). Farmers with a working period of working 18 years have a risk
of 2,944 times GTS compared to farmers with a work period of <18 years. Farmers with smoking status have
a risk of 18,083 times GTS compared to non-smoking farmers. Farmers who have dermatoses have a risk of
1,355 times GTS compared to farmers who do not have complaints of dermatosis. Farmers with an abnormal
(overweight) BMI have a risk of 2,643 times GTS compared to farmers with a normal BMI. Conclusion.
Factors that influence the GTS are age, sex, smoking status, complaints of dermatosis, nutritional status, and
years of service. The findings of this study suggest that integrated promotive and preventive measures from
both agricultural owners and first-rate health care providers need in the form of providing self-help to reduce
direct contact with wet tobacco, healthy living behavior without smoking and maintaining nutritional status.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions