Identification of the Direction and Strength of Relationship between Complaints of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) to Smoking Habits and Repetitive Movements of Informal Workers in Surabaya, Indonesia Using Spearman Correlation Test Methods

Authors

  • Annisa Dwinda Shafira1, Genduk Lintang Rusmawarda2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10514

Keywords:

smoking habits, repetitive movements, complaints of musculoskeletal disorders, spearman correlation

Abstract

The right statistical test to find out the relationship between variables that have ordinal data scale is a

spearman correlation test. Spearman correlation shows how strong the relationship and the direction of the

relationship between variables. The increasing muscle complaints have a close relationship with smoking

habits. The longer and the higher the frequency of people smoke, the smaller the lung capacity. It then

results in a decrease in the lung ability to consume oxygen. It also causes one more easily tired when

carrying out tasks that require exertion. In addition, complaints due to repetitive movements occur because

the muscles continuously receive workload pressure without a chance for relaxation. This condition triggers

the occurrence of nerve swelling which will cause pain in the musculoskeletal area. This is an observational

study with a cross sectional design. The study used a total sampling population of 12 workers. Spearman

correlation is used to examine the strength and direction of the relationship between the dependent variable,

MSDs complaints, an ordinal data scale, with independent variables, smoking habits and repetitive

movements. This study found that smoking habits and the level of complaints of MSDs in the shelf frame

bending workers have fairly strong, positive and unidirectional relationship with correlation coefficient

value of 0.357. It also found that repetitive movements and complaint levels MSDs have a positive and

perfect relationship with the correlation coefficient value of 1,000.

Author Biography

Annisa Dwinda Shafira1, Genduk Lintang Rusmawarda2

1Department of Biostatistic and Population, 2Department of Occupational Safety and Health, Faculty of Public

Health, Airlangga University, 60155 Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Annisa Dwinda Shafira1, Genduk Lintang Rusmawarda2. (2020). Identification of the Direction and Strength of Relationship between Complaints of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) to Smoking Habits and Repetitive Movements of Informal Workers in Surabaya, Indonesia Using Spearman Correlation Test Methods. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 1064-1069. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10514