Nurses knowledge about Management Extravasation Intravenous Cytotoxic Medication At Amal National Hospital in Baghdad City
Keywords:Nurses, knowledge Vesicant, Cytotoxic, Management Extravasation
Background: Extravasation, the unintentional leak of an anticancer agent from a vessel into the close
tissues, is an uninvited and difficult problem that can lead to permanent local harms and severe disability.
Objectives: To assess nurse’s knowledge about management extravasation vesicant intravenous cytotoxic
Methodology: Descriptive design using a self-administered questionnaire was employed. At al-Amal
national hospital for tumor treatment in Baghdad city from 2nd December 2018 to 10th February 2019).
Random sampling method. The sample size was 45 nurses completed a questionnaire about management
extravasation vesicant intravenous chemotherapy. Instruments: developed by the researcher consist of three
sections the first section to assess the demographic data. And the second section questionnaire consists of 20
items divided into two parts to measure the information of team nurses on vesicant drug and management
extravasation Vesicant intravenous chemotherapy. Data analysis by using the Statistical Package for Social
Sciences version (SPSS) 23.0 included. (Frequency, percentage, Kruskal Wallis H test, Chi-square test, and
Mann-Whitney U test). The level of significance was the threshold at p<0.05.
Results: shows that the high percentage (42.2%) of oncology nurses ages (30-39 years old). Most of
them (57.8 %) were female. The education level represents (42.2%) of nurses were from nursing institute
graduates, the high percentage (46.7%) of them their experience in oncology unite were (5-9) years. Mostly
no training session. Inferential there are statistically significant between education levels groups the nursing
college showed a higher mean knowledge score than other levels. also, a higher significantly difference was
observed between mean knowledge and participate with Training courses by mean (36.40) The researcher
decide that nurse’s knowledge is the poor component about vesicant cytotoxic and management extravasation
according to of assessment result
Conclusion: there is a need for structuring a permanent education program due to the poor scientific
of nurse’s knowledge about the vesicant and management of extravasation by chemotherapeutic drugs.
Therefore, the issue of training courses should be highlighted for it is an effective role in improving the
performance of nurses.
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