Salivary and Serum Aspartate Aminotransferase and Alanine Aminotransferase in An Uncontrolled Diabetic Patients

Authors

  • Dunya malhan henweet1, Amina Ryhan Diajal2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10570

Keywords:

alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, diabetes mellitus.

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder, characterized by a higher level of blood

glucose resulted from either abnormality in insulin production (type1 DM) or resistance to insulin action

(type 2 DM) or both. Long lasting elevated blood glucose is responsible for chronic damage, defect in

function and impairment of various organs including salivary glands. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and

alanine aminotransferase (ALT) are cellular enzymes found in all animal tissues.

Aims of the Study: to estimate and compare the levels of salivary and serum AST and ALT between un

controlled diabetic patients and normal control people.

Subjects, Materials and Method: The study comprised 90 adults of both gender. The patients were

divided into 3 groups: 30 patients with type 1 diabetics (D1), 30 patients with type 2 diabetics (D2) and

30 healthy persons as a control group (C). Serum and un stimulated salivary samples were taking for the

AST, ALT evaluating using standard spectrophotometer kits. The level of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c)

was measured using NycoCard kit to exclude the controlled diabetic patients. Data were analyzed using

statistical analysis SPSS version 24.

Results: The results showed a significant increase of salivary enzymes in D1 and D2 compared to salivary

enzymes of control group, while there was no significant difference in serum enzymes value among all

studied groups.

Conclusions: An elevation in salivary AST and ALT in both types of diabetes compared to healthy group,

with higher salivary level of AST and ALT in D1 compared to D2 and to healthy control group. This may

suggest that autoimmunological activity in D1 responsible for more salivary gland injury in D1 group.

Author Biography

Dunya malhan henweet1, Amina Ryhan Diajal2

1 Dentist in Department Of Oral Diagnosis, College of Dentistry / University of Kufa, Iraq, 2Assisstant professor in

department of oral diagnosis, College of Dentistry / University of Baghdad, Iraq

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Dunya malhan henweet1, Amina Ryhan Diajal2. (2020). Salivary and Serum Aspartate Aminotransferase and Alanine Aminotransferase in An Uncontrolled Diabetic Patients. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 1294-1299. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10570