Prothrombotic Changes in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease and its Relation to Thrombotic Cardiovascular Complication

Authors

  • Enass Abdul Kareem Al-saadi,1 Haithem A Al-Rubaie2 , Raid A Al-Rubaye3

Keywords:

End stage renal disease, Antithrombin, Factor XII activity, plasma Fibrinogen, coagulation parameters

Abstract

Background: There is a great risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and vascular thrombosis in patients

with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). These patients exhibit numerous abnormalities in coagulation,

fibrinolytic, inhibitory protein abnormalities in multiple levels.

Aim: To assess hypercoagulable changes by measuring the levels of Antithrombin, plasma fibrinogen

and FXII activity in patients with ESRD, and to found correlation between and hematological parameters

including: Hb level, WBC count, reticulocyte percentage and platelet count.

Method: A case control study conducted at Al-Hayat center, Al Karama teaching hospital during the period

from the 1 of February to the 30 of October 2014 and 50 patients aged < 60 years of both genders with

(ESRD) in addition to 20 apparently healthy controls were included in this study.

Results: Patients and controls were matched for age and gender. The mean hemoglobin level, total WBC

count, absolute neutrophil count, reticulocyte percentage and platelets count were significantly lower in

ESRD patients than controls, P<0.05. The mean values of the coagulation parameters, ProthrombinTtime

(PT), Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT), Plasma Fibrinogen and Factor XII activity were

significantly higher in patients than controls. Anti-thrombin activity was significantly lower in patients

group than controls, (P<0.001). Cardiovascular complications and vascular thrombosis included Deep

Venous Thrombosis( DVT), Cerebro-Vascular-Accident (CVA), Myocardial Infarction (MI), angina or heart

failure reported in 62% of the patients. Patients with cardiovascular complication and vascular thrombosis

had significantly higher PT, APTT, and factor XII activity, lower anti-thrombin activity as compared to those

without cardiovascular complication and vascular thrombosis.

Conclusion: (ESRD) patients had coagulation abnormalities render them more liable to have cardiovascular

complications and vascular thrombosis.

Author Biography

Enass Abdul Kareem Al-saadi,1 Haithem A Al-Rubaie2 , Raid A Al-Rubaye3

1 FIBMS, Lecturer of Hematopathology, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Karbala,

Iraq, 2FICMS, Assistant Proffessor, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad,

3CABM, Consultant physician and nephrologist, Al-Karama Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Enass Abdul Kareem Al-saadi,1 Haithem A Al-Rubaie2 , Raid A Al-Rubaye3. (2020). Prothrombotic Changes in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease and its Relation to Thrombotic Cardiovascular Complication. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 1440-1446. Retrieved from http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijfmt/article/view/10610