Effect of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) upon Lung Functions among Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease at Al-Najaf Cardiac Center: Correlation Study
Keywords:Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Patients, Ischemic Heart Disease.
Objectives: The study objectives to detect the effect of angioplasty upon lung functions among Patients
with ischemic heart disease and to find out the relationship between the patients lung functions and their
demographic and clinical characteristics.
Methodology: A descriptive (correlation) design was conducted on the at Al- Najaf center for cardiac surgery
and catheterization. Starting from 1st April 2019 to 1st October 2019. In order to detect the effect of angioplasty
on lung function among of patient with ischemic heart disease. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (52)
patients, those who admitted to angioplasty unit and coronary care unit without any respiratory diseases.
Patients were ischemic heart disease. The patients’ demographic and clinical data collected through the
utilization the semi-structured questionnaire and by means of interview technique with the subject, while the
pulmonary functions test collected by using spirometer instrument. Data was analyzed by using descriptive
statistic (percentage and Frequencies) and inferential (person s correlation coefficient, independent sample
t-test, and paired t-test).
Results: The results shows that there is a high significant relationship between the pulmonary functions pre
and post cardiac catheterization, and most the patients with low PFTs post angioplasty.
Conclusions: The present study recommended the nurses whose work at the open Heart Center should teach
the patient undergoing cardiac catheterization breathing exercises to increase the lung capacity as particular
and the respiratory system as general and the patient should be given oxygen for at least 60 minutes before
and after cardiac catheterization to ensure an increase in the oxygen level and perfusion in the body tissues.
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