Effects of Cement Dust on Electrolytes and Osmolality in Serum and Urine of Kufa Cement Factory workers
Keywords:Cement dust, electrolyte, osmolality, blood serum, urine
Cement industry is considered one of the serious pollutants in the environment inducing different kinds of
health problems among workers. However, there have been few studies examining the adverse effects of
cement dust on the levels of electrolytes and osmolality among workers. In the current study, we investigated
the potential impacts of the cement dust on the levels of electrolytes and osmolality in both serum and urine
among workers of Kufa Cement Factory. The workers were grouped into three groups according to their
departments. The workers, who were aged between 38-48 years, were grouped into oven workers (N=20),
mills workers (N=16) and control workers (N=22). While workers who were aged between 49-59 years,
were also grouped into oven workers (N=14), mills workers (N=13) and control workers (N=9). Serum
and urine samples were collected from all studied subjects. Regardless of age groups, the results showed
that the levels of serum sodium and potassium were significantly increased among workers at the oven and
mills departments compared to the control. While the levels of blood serum calcium and osmolality were
significantly reduced among workers at the oven and mills departments compared to control group. In the
urine samples, the levels of sodium were significantly higher among oven workers compared to the findings
in both mills and control. While the levels of calcium and osmolality were significantly higher in both oven
and mills workers compared to the control.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Re use and mixing of content policy- We follow Creative Commons Licence Policy. We follow CC BY. Please refer below for all details
This license lets others distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon our work, even commercially, as long as they credit us for the original creation.
- The journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose.
- The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions.
- The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions