Vitamin D Level Status and Hypertension among Old Adult Iraqi People in Al Hillah City
Keywords:Vitamin D levels, Hypertension , Old adults,Iraq
Background: Vitamin D has different biological actions in the body . Vitamin D has the pleiotropic effects
in multiple organ systems, and vitamin D deficiency was suggested to be associated with high blood
pressure according to previous reports. Several interventional studies have examined the effect of vitamin D
supplementation on high blood pressure patients
Objective : to identify Vitamin D level and its correlate with hypertension among old adults.
Methodology: This was across sectional descriptive observational study included convenient sample of
elderly people in Hilla City ,Babylon province, the period of the study started from the first of January
through August 2019, a pretested semi structured questionnaire was used to interview the participants who
attended primary health centers after obtaining their verbal consents, the sample included( 300) old adult
of both gender, serum level of Vitamin D was assessed by chemo immunoassay method, the blood pressure
was measured single handy by the researcher using mercury sphygmomanometer to diagnose hypertension.
Results: The study included 300 participants 83.0% of the study sample had either insufficiency or
deficiency of Vitamin D level. Hypertensive people had significant Vitamin D Deficiency (both deficiency
and insufficiency of vitamin D, 81% and 70% ) respectively as compared to normotensive participants , this
difference was statistically significant p<0.05.
Conclusion: there was a significant inverse relationship between vitamin D level and blood pressure.
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