The Use of Touch DNA Analysis in Forensic Identification Focusing on STR CODIS LOCI THO1, CSF1PO and TPOX
Keywords:Touch DNA, STR CODIS, Identification
Introduction:Identification through DNA analysis is an accurate diagnostic tool. DNA analysis is via
Variable Number of Tandem Repeat (VNTR) and Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLP).
Up to date, blood spots/blood, sperm spots, vaginal swabs, buccal swabs and bones are specimens that
are widely used in the field of forensics for DNA analysis. At the crime scene, the perpetrator’s skin may
accidentally be in contact with surrounding objects thereby transferring trace evidence to the objects.
Method and Materials: Laboratory observation to demonstrate identification through DNA isolation from
the objects that are touched (touch DNA), using the STR CODIS locus, with a momentary research design.
DNA was isolated from buccal swabs and swab properties (watches and mobile phones) from volunteers
who have signed the consent form. A total of ten samples were used in this study.
Results and Discussion: Mean levels of DNA [UV-Visible Spectrophotometer] buccal swab: 167.89 ±
85.71 µg / ml, watch swab: 59.19 ± 5.58 µg / ml, mobile swab: 38.09 ± 2.12 µg / ml and the purity of the
buccal swab DNA: 1.79 ± 0.71, the watch swab: 1.69 ± 0.76, the mobile swab:1,53 ± 0,56. Visualization of
PCR products onPolyacrylamide Agarose Composite Gel Electrophoresis [PAGE] stained with Silver and
amplified using the standard primers THOI, TPOX and CSF1POfor STR CODIS showed a 100% detection
of amplicons. Allele profiles on all samples of STR CODIS were a match or identical to the positive control
Conclusion:Property (handphone and watch) swabs can be used as alternative materials in forensic
identification using Touch DNA analysis. It was able to be isolated and amplified by using Polymerase Chain
Reaction on the STR CODIS loci THO1, CSF1PO and TPOX
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