Effect of Foot Strengthening Exercises in Osteoarthritis Knee
Keywords:Foot, strengthening exercises, knee, osteoarthritis, VAS, WOMAC and ROM
Background: Knee osteoarthritis is one of the leading cause of global disability. Patients with degenerative
knee osteoarthritis clinically complain of pain, decreased muscle strength, joint instability, joint stiffness and
proprioceptive deficits, all of which lead to a decrease in or loss of function. Foot pain is highly disabling,
functional abilities and increases the risk of falls.
Method: This was an experimental study with total of 33 subjects who had knee osteoarthritis with foot
disability. Subjects of both genders with age group of 40 – 65 years fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion
criteria participated. The outcome measure used was womac scale, for pain Visual analogue scale (VAS).
Result:Statistical analysis of VAS, WOMAC and range of motion (ROM) were found to be extremely
significant with a P value of <0.0001.
Conclusion: This study concluded that foot strengthening exercises were effective. It is proved from this
study that foot strengthening exercises has significant effect on pain, range of motion and functional status
of OA knee.
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