Morphology of Endometrial Scrapings in Early Spontaneous Abortions

Authors

  • Ishenbek Satylganov1 , Saltanat Osmonalieva2 , Altynai Zhumabekova3 , Vityala Yethindra4 , Gulnara Moldotasheva5, Tugolbai Tagaev6 , Yogesh Parihar7

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10709

Keywords:

Spontaneous abortion, Endometrium, Morphology, Periodic acid–Schiff (PAS) reaction, Fetal membranes.

Abstract

Objective: Study of morphological changes in the endometrium and fetal membranes during spontaneous

abortions in 9-12 weeks of pregnancy to clarify the etiopathogenetic mechanisms.

Materials and methods: Study material was endometrial scrapings with components of fetoplacental tissue

obtained after spontaneous abortions (176 cases) in 9-12 weeks of pregnancy, received at the Republican

Pathological Bureau from several City Maternity Hospitals of Bishkek (Kyrgyz Republic). The histological

sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), and a mixture of acid fuchsin and picric acid. The

Periodic acid–Schiff (PAS) reaction was performed.

Results: Of the 176 cases in 80 cases, by the medical reports, pregnant women had concomitant gynecological

infectious pathology in the form of chronic endometritis, chronic salpingoophoritis, chlamydia, colpitis, and

adnexitis. Histological examination revealed inflammatory changes in the form of deciduitis (24.5% of

cases), endometritis (20.5% of cases), villitis (17.3% of cases) in 70% of cases. Pathological changes in the

decidual membrane are determined as foci of leukocyte infiltration in 65% of cases, in 30% - foci of necrosis

and in 20% - foci of hemorrhage. In 60% of cases, as their combination.

Conclusion: Histological examination of endometrial scrapings and fetal membranes after spontaneous

abortions in 9-12 week pregnant women, with a history of infectious inflammatory pathology, revealed the

tissue inflammatory changes of varying severity, with the following additional microscopic characteristics:

the compact arrangement of endometrial glands, weak vascularization of villus chorion; sclerotic, dystrophic,

and necrotic changes with hemorrhages in the endometrium and decidual membrane.

Author Biography

Ishenbek Satylganov1 , Saltanat Osmonalieva2 , Altynai Zhumabekova3 , Vityala Yethindra4 , Gulnara Moldotasheva5, Tugolbai Tagaev6 , Yogesh Parihar7

1 Professor, Head of Department of Pathological Anatomy, I.K. Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, 92

Akhunbaev Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, 2 Assistant Professor, Department of Pathological Anatomy, I.K.

Akhunbaev Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, 92 Akhunbaev Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, 3Obstetrician

gynecologist, City Maternity Hospital No. 2, 225 Moskva Street, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, 4 MBBS 4th year

and Young scientist, International School of Medicine, 1F, Intergelpo street, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 5Candidate

of Medical Sciences, Associate professor, Head of Department of Pathology, International School of Medicine,

1F, Intergelpo street, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 6Assistant professor, Department of Pathology, International School

of Medicine, 1F, Intergelpo street, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 7MBBS 2nd year, International School of Medicine, 1F,

Intergelpo street, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Ishenbek Satylganov1 , Saltanat Osmonalieva2 , Altynai Zhumabekova3 , Vityala Yethindra4 , Gulnara Moldotasheva5, Tugolbai Tagaev6 , Yogesh Parihar7. (2020). Morphology of Endometrial Scrapings in Early Spontaneous Abortions. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 1968-1971. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10709