Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction in Morocco – Evaluating the Knowledge of Pharmacists
Keywords:Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction, Pharmacists, Knowledge, Questionnaires
Background. Pharmacy professionals, as the most available members of medical team, have an important
role in educating patients about Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction (CADR). Our aim was to evaluate
pharmacists’ knowledge of the cutaneous drug reaction, and their recommendations under hypothetical
situations, through a written questionnaire. Methods. based cross-sectional study was conducted among
community pharmacists working at the private sector of the rabat-salé-zemmour-zaer region using a structured
interviewing questionnaire. Results. Ninety- eight pharmacists completed the questionnaire (response
rate 48%). The mean overall score was 52.87 ± 23.19% correct answers. The majority of pharmacists
(66,32 %) estimated that they view more than a Patient with CADR each month, and only forty-seven
pharmacists underwent CADR related training during the year preceding the survey. Pharmacists obtained
the highest correct scores on the true/false statements inquiring about Cutaneous reaction due to drugs
definition, classification and the most common medication classes implicated in Cutaneous reaction due to
drugs, Overall, the true/false questions were relatively easier to address, compared with the multiple choice
questions (63.60 ± 13.15% vs. 51.18 ± 24.12%, respectively; p < 0.01). Only 14 pharmacists were familiar
with Cutaneous reaction due to drugs sach as ( Drug Reaction With Eosinophilia, contact dermatitis, Nail
Disorders, bullous pemphigoid ). Longer time since training completion was associated with a lower total
score (38,77 ± 9% vs. 61,22 ± 11% for the pharmacists who were in practice 5 years or less and those with
longer time in practice, respectively; p < 0.05). Conclusion. Pharmacists were knowledgeable regarding
some aspects of CADR. However, our study, as in previous studies among health care professionals,
identified some gaps in knowledge. These findings indicate the need for better education of pharmacists
regarding CADR and its supported.
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