Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction in Morocco – Evaluating the Knowledge of Pharmacists

Authors

  • Youssef Moutaouakkil1 , Esso Eric Valery Latt1 , Rachid el Jaoudi2 , Mina Ait el cadi2 , Yahia Cherrah3, Jamal Lamsaouri4 , Yassir Bousliman2

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10739

Keywords:

Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction, Pharmacists, Knowledge, Questionnaires

Abstract

Background. Pharmacy professionals, as the most available members of medical team, have an important

role in educating patients about Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction (CADR). Our aim was to evaluate

pharmacists’ knowledge of the cutaneous drug reaction, and their recommendations under hypothetical

situations, through a written questionnaire. Methods. based cross-sectional study was conducted among

community pharmacists working at the private sector of the rabat-salé-zemmour-zaer region using a structured

interviewing questionnaire. Results. Ninety- eight pharmacists completed the questionnaire (response

rate 48%). The mean overall score was 52.87 ± 23.19% correct answers. The majority of pharmacists

(66,32 %) estimated that they view more than a Patient with CADR each month, and only forty-seven

pharmacists underwent CADR related training during the year preceding the survey. Pharmacists obtained

the highest correct scores on the true/false statements inquiring about Cutaneous reaction due to drugs

definition, classification and the most common medication classes implicated in Cutaneous reaction due to

drugs, Overall, the true/false questions were relatively easier to address, compared with the multiple choice

questions (63.60 ± 13.15% vs. 51.18 ± 24.12%, respectively; p < 0.01). Only 14 pharmacists were familiar

with Cutaneous reaction due to drugs sach as ( Drug Reaction With Eosinophilia, contact dermatitis, Nail

Disorders, bullous pemphigoid ). Longer time since training completion was associated with a lower total

score (38,77 ± 9% vs. 61,22 ± 11% for the pharmacists who were in practice 5 years or less and those with

longer time in practice, respectively; p < 0.05). Conclusion. Pharmacists were knowledgeable regarding

some aspects of CADR. However, our study, as in previous studies among health care professionals,

identified some gaps in knowledge. These findings indicate the need for better education of pharmacists

regarding CADR and its supported.

Author Biography

Youssef Moutaouakkil1 , Esso Eric Valery Latt1 , Rachid el Jaoudi2 , Mina Ait el cadi2 , Yahia Cherrah3, Jamal Lamsaouri4 , Yassir Bousliman2

1 Resident in Clinical Pharmacy, 2Professor of Toxicology, 3 Professor of Pharmacology - Toxicology, Laboratory

of Pharmacology-Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Rabat Institute, University Mohamed V, Rabat

Morocco, 4Professor of Therapeutic Chemistry, Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine and

Pharmacy, Rabat Institute, University Mohamed V, Rabat-Morocco

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Youssef Moutaouakkil1 , Esso Eric Valery Latt1 , Rachid el Jaoudi2 , Mina Ait el cadi2 , Yahia Cherrah3, Jamal Lamsaouri4 , Yassir Bousliman2. (2020). Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reaction in Morocco – Evaluating the Knowledge of Pharmacists. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 2124-2129. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v14i3.10739