Heatstroke due to Vehicular Entrapment: An Autopsy Case Report

Authors

  • Razuin R1,2., Julina M. N3 , Nurquin F. S.2 , Amirul A. H.2

Keywords:

Heatstroke; Hyperthermia; Automobile; Paediatric; Autopsy

Abstract

Heatstroke is defined as severe heat illness with elevated body temperature greater than 40.6?C associated

with central nervous system dysfunction. In children, heatstroke as a result of vehicular entrapment is

commonly encountered. We report a case of a six-year-old boy who was accidentally left in a school van

under scorching hot afternoon for several hours. Upon discovery, he was rushed to a hospital where he was

pronounced dead. His body temperature taken at the Emergency Department was 40.3?C. The body felt

warm in spite of apparent presence of post mortem changes such as rigor and livor mortis. His clothes were

drenched in sweat. A medico-legal autopsy was performed. On general examination, his body was pale and

the lips were also parched and pale. Internally, there was subdural haemorrhage and petechial haemorrhages

on the lungs and the epicardial surface of the heart. The cause of death was given as heatstroke as a result of

vehicular entrapment. We wish to emphasize and appeal to the public that this tragic incident is preventable.

Public and private sectors should help creating awareness of dangers in leaving a child unattended in a car

Author Biography

Razuin R1,2., Julina M. N3 , Nurquin F. S.2 , Amirul A. H.2

1 Centre for Pathology Diagnostic & Research Laboratories, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA,

Selangor, Malaysia, 2Department of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Ministry of Health Malaysia,

3Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Razuin R1,2., Julina M. N3 , Nurquin F. S.2 , Amirul A. H.2. (2020). Heatstroke due to Vehicular Entrapment: An Autopsy Case Report. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 2142-2145. Retrieved from http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijfmt/article/view/10742