Coal Dust Exposure and Gingivial Lead Line in Coal Miners

Authors

  • Widodo1 , Sahdhina Rismawati1 , Eko Suhartono2 , R. Darmawan Setijanto3

Keywords:

gingivial leadline, lead, coal dust, coal miners

Abstract

Coal dust contains less than 1% lead (Pb). This dust can enter the body through breathing, mouth and

skin. Lead contained in coal dust can react with Sulfur and form gingivial leadline. The study was an

observational study with cross-sectional design. The research subjects were coal miners in Sambung Makmur

Sub-District, Banjar District, amounting to 100 people. The number of samples was calculated by the Slovin

formula and obtained 80 people as samples and determined by simple random sampling technique. The

sample obtained then determined the value of the gingivial lead line score as done by Sudibyo. The degree

of gingivial lead line is assessed based on the score as follows: 0 = no gingivial lead line; 1 = gingivial

lead line found in 1-2 marginal gingival anterior teeth labial surface; 2 = gingivial lead line found at 3-4

marginal gingival anterior teeth labial surface; 3 = gingivial lead line at>4 marginal gingival anterior teeth

labial surface. In addition, age, working period (tenure), and smoking habits are the variables measured in

this study. The data obtained were analyzed using the chi-square test with a = 5%. The conclusion is the

incidence of gingivial leadline of coal miners was related to age, tenure, and smoking habits.

Author Biography

Widodo1 , Sahdhina Rismawati1 , Eko Suhartono2 , R. Darmawan Setijanto3

1 Department of Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin,

Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia, 2 Department of Medical Chemistry/ Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine,

Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarbaru, Kalimantan Selatan, Indonesia, 3Department of Dental Public

Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Widodo1 , Sahdhina Rismawati1 , Eko Suhartono2 , R. Darmawan Setijanto3. (2020). Coal Dust Exposure and Gingivial Lead Line in Coal Miners. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 2253-2257. Retrieved from http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijfmt/article/view/10764