Using Bioluminescence Assay to Detect Snps Cause Drug Resistant of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Iraq

Authors

  • Hassan Kadhim Nemir1 , Ismail Aziz1 , Alaa Kareem Mohammed2

Keywords:

SNPs, pyrophosphate, ATP, Bioluminescent, genes, drugs.

Abstract

In this search, a new bioluminescent technique was proved for pyrophosphate which was employed to

single- nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) diagnosis using one-base extension reaction. Four Mycobacterium

tuberculosis genes were chosen (Rpob, InhA, KatG, GyrA) genes. Fifty-four specimens were used in this

study fifty-three proved as drug-resistant specimens by The Iraqi Institute of Chest and Respiratory Diseases

in Baghdad., also one specimen was used as a negative control.

The procedure of this assay was as follows. A specific primer within each aliquot owning a short 3-OH end

of the base of the target gene was hybridized to the single-stranded DNA template. Then, (exo-) Klenow

DNA polymerase and one of either ?-thio-dATP, dTTP, dGTP, or dCTP were supplemented and incubated

for 1 min. Pyrophosphate freed by DNA polymerase is altered to ATP by pyruvate phosphate dikinase

(PPDK), and the amount of ATP is measured using the firefly luciferase reaction. This technique, which

does not demand expensive equipment, can be applied to rapidly monitor one-point mutation in the gene that

causes drug resistant in mycobacterium tuberculosis. The results showed a high variation in values of ATP

formation through matching and mismatch bases added. So, this assay (which required only five minutes),

enable to find the gene SNP causes resistant for the specific drug

Author Biography

Hassan Kadhim Nemir1 , Ismail Aziz1 , Alaa Kareem Mohammed2

1 Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology for Postgraduate Studies, University of Baghdad, Iraq,

2AL- Khwarizmi Engineering College/Biochemical Engineering department/University of Baghdad, Iraq

Published

2020-07-30

How to Cite

Hassan Kadhim Nemir1 , Ismail Aziz1 , Alaa Kareem Mohammed2. (2020). Using Bioluminescence Assay to Detect Snps Cause Drug Resistant of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Iraq. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 2541-2548. Retrieved from http://medicopublication.com/index.php/ijfmt/article/view/10820