Relation of Elevated Serum AFP Levels with Preterm Labor in Kirkuk City-Iraq
Keywords:AFP, Preterm labour, Term Labour.
In this study conducted in Kirkuk city in the period from February 2017 to the end of December 2017, which
included 100 pregnant women who had regular contractions and/or short cervical cervices between 24 to
32 weeks of pregnancy and 100 healthy controls who did not suffer from complications Pregnancy and they
were delivered on time. For the purpose of comparing the two groups with respect to the level of AFP. The
study included collecting blood samples from both groups prior to birth to investigate and measure the level
of the protein AFP in their blood. The study demonstrated that the lowest mean of cervical length and birth
Wight were found in group with preterm labor as compared with the control group. The study revealed that
the mean of AFP was elevated significantly in women with preterm delivery (17.7±2.11 pg/ml) as compared
with the control group (8.23 ±1.67 pg/ml) at P. value <0.05. In this study, 40 of 100 of study cases delivered
preterm (< 34 weeks).. The study found positive correlation of serum AFP with birth weight, birth head
during 1st and 5th weeks of delivery (p< 0.01).
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