Posttraumatic Stress Disorders among Adolescent Post the (Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham) (ISIS) War in Kirkuk City


  • Iman Hussein Alwan1 , Abid Salih Kumait2 , Hassan A. Hussein3



Post-traumatic stress disorder, adolescent, Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS).


Background: The gathering of Islamic assembling in Iraq and the Levant was known as the Islamic State

in Iraq and the Levant, known as the ISIS, a furnished affiliation that follows the way of thinking of jihadi

Salafi social occasions, and whose people point - according to their conviction - to restore “the Islamic

caliphate and the utilization of Sharia”, and its people exist and spread Its effect is generally in Iraq and

Syria with refreshes on its embodiment in the zones various countries are southern Yemen, Libya, Sinai,

Azawad, Somalia, northeastern Nigeria and Pakistan. Additionally, the pioneer of this affiliation is Abu Bakr


Objective(s): To assess post-traumatic stress disorders among adolescents after (the Islamic State of Iraq

and the Levant War) (ISIS) in the city of Kirkuk.

Methodology: A non experimental approach using descriptive design was applied in the present study

from 1st october 2019 to the 20th of February 2020. The study was conducted at rual area which was under

ISIS at Alhawija district in Kirkuk Gvernorate. the study involve many villige at alhawija district includes

(Musaanaa village, Shamlan village Aleaoa village, Alhalawa village, Alkhan village). A Purposive sample

consisted of (100) from both (male and female) the sample was collected from five village at alhiwija

district,these village was occupied by ISIS groups approximately for 3 years from june,2014 untill october

  1. In order to gather the study data, a questionnaire was building depending on the criteria of WHO scale

(formate and modify by researcher) and related literature according to their study Data were analyzed by

Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version (24) is used for data analysis at.

Results: The study revealed the sample size was consist of (57.0%) male and (43.0%) female also the result

shows the participants are suffering from moderate to severe level of psychological distress which indicates

having low level of psychological wellbeing and general health.

Recommendation: National and international interventions are required for them especially for the victims

of sexual violence, physical, social and psychological supports are needed. Further studies and researches

also required to assess their suffering and other possible psychological disorders.

Author Biography

Iman Hussein Alwan1 , Abid Salih Kumait2 , Hassan A. Hussein3

1Lecturer, Ph.D. Psychiatric, University of Baghdad, College of Nursing, 2Ph.D. Adult nursing, Lecture, University

of Kirkuk, College of Nursing, 3Assist. Professor, Department of Psych. Nursing, Collage of Nursing, University of

Baghdad, Baghdad City, Iraq



How to Cite

Iman Hussein Alwan1 , Abid Salih Kumait2 , Hassan A. Hussein3. (2020). Posttraumatic Stress Disorders among Adolescent Post the (Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham) (ISIS) War in Kirkuk City. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 14(3), 2707-2713.