Epidemiological Profile of Burn Cases among autopsies Conducted in Dept. of FMT, RIMS, Ranchi
Keywords:Burn, female, young, married, housewives
Introduction : Every year, it was found that burns caused by fire were responsible for about 265,000 deaths
globally. More than 90% of fatal fire-related burns occur in developing or lower and middle income countries
(LMICs). Out of this, South- East Asia alone accounts for more than half of these fire-related deaths. In
South East Asian region, death due to Burns in girl / women is more than that of Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS
and malaria combined. In India, burn injury is found to be one of the major causes of death, especially in
females. The problem of death due to burns in developing countries like India is primarily due to various
socio-cultural factors prevalent in the country. Some of these factors include poor housing conditions, poor
maintenance of electrical appliances, and customs of wearing dresses like sarees or dupatta, practice of
dowry, illiteracy level and poverty.
Material and Method: Materials for the present study were collected from the medico legal autopsies of
296 burn cases, performed at the mortuary of Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Ranchi, during
the period from January 2018 to December 2018. A detailed performa was designed with a definite set of
questionnaire which formed the basis of this study.
Results: In our study, out of the 296 cases, the most common age group involved was 21-30 years with a
female sex predilection (female to male ratio of 1.5:1). As far as the marital status is concerned, most cases
were of married men and women (66.22%) involving mostly Housewives (43.25%). The most common time
period involved was between 4 PM to 10 PM (35.47%). Most of the cases took place at home (75.34%).
Conclusion:- Our study primarily focuses on the epidemiological profile of data involving burn cases in this
part of India which is relatively a backward area comprising of a majority of tribal population.
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