Variation in the Shapes of Coronoid Process of Dry Human Mandible of Gujarat Region
Keywords:Mandible, Coronoid process, Triangular, Rounded, Hook.
Introduction: Coronoid process is single the bony processes of the ramus of the mandible. It is a thin, triangular
eminence, which is flattened from side to side. It differ in shape and size. The importance of frequency in the
shapes of Coronoid process is important for maxillofacial surgeons as a graft material as well as for anthropologists
for the detection of races.
Aim: To determine the different shape of Coronoid process of mandible in both sides.
Materials and Method: The Present study was conducted on 50 mandibles from the department of Anatomy,
Baroda Medical College, Baroda. Variations in the shapes were observed, and photographs were taken.
Results: Triangular shape of Coronoid process was most prominent as compare to hook and round shape.
Triangular shaped Coronoid was seen in 70% shaped (Type: I) followed by Rounded shaped 26%, Hook
shaped was least 4% respectively.
Conclusion: This study will be helpful for maxillofacial surgeons, anatomists, forensic researchers,
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