Development of Physical and Mental Abilities in Fulfilling Children’s Rights in the Program of ‘Kampung Anak Negeri’ in Surabaya
Keywords:physical development, education, mental abilities, children’s rights, Kampung Anak Negeri, Surabaya.
As an obligation to protect the children, both physically and mentally, every child must be provided in
accordance with their welfare by providing guarantees for the fulfillment of children’s rights. The Indonesian
government’s concern for the protection and fulfillment of children’s rights has actually existed since the
enactment of Law Number 4 of 1979 concerning Child Welfare. However, until the promulgation of the
Child Protection Act to date, welfare and fulfillment of children’s rights are still far from what they should
be, mostly for street children and neglected children. The purpose of this research is to study how the efforts
to fulfill children’s rights through the program specifically for street children and neglected children. The
method used in this research is normative juridical. Based on the results of the study, that the Kampung
Anak Negeri Program in Surabaya was made as a social service for the fulfillment of children’s rights in the
orphanage system, including meeting the needs of food, clothing, and shelter, as well as mental and spiritual
guidance, behavior, children’s talents, and business skills that can improve child welfare after leaving later.
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