Response Evaluation on Single Common and Uncommon EGFR Mutation on First-Generation EGFR-TKI Therapy in NSCLC Patients
Keywords:NSCLC, EGFR mutation, tyrosine kinase inhibitor, uncommon, common.
Objective: To compare the response of first-generation EGFR-TKI (epidermal growth factor receptortyrosine kinase inhibitors) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with single common and
uncommon EGFR mutation.
Methods: Patients were divided into two groups, the uncommon (exon 21 L861Q, exon 18 G719X, exon
18 delE709) and common EGFR mutation group (exon 19 deletion, exon 21 L858R). Health-related quality
of life (HRQOL) using EuroQol EQ-5D® questionnaire, body weight, performance status (PS), Response
Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) on chest CT, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall
survival (OS) was recorded during TKI therapy.
Results: The value of HRQOL was stable and PS was constant in both groups, body weight was constant
in uncommon group (42.1%) and increased in common group (44.1%; p=0.165). The uncommon group
showed mostly progressive disease in RECIST (47.4%) while the common group showed mostly partial
response (42.2%; p=0.007). PFS in the uncommon group was 4 (2.0-6.0) months and 7.0 (2.0-21.0) months
in the common group (p=0.001). OS in the uncommon and common group were 4.00±1.71 months and
10.00±6.94 months (p<0.001), respectively.
Conclusion: NSCLC patients with common EGFR mutations showed a better response and survival rate
compared to uncommon EGFR mutations on first-generation TKI therapy.
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