Nursing Intervention for Caregivers of Post Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation Patients at Home
Keywords:Autologous bone marrow transplantation, caregivers, nursing intervention, home.
Background: Autologous bone marrow transplantation is a curative procedure for hematological diseases
and immune deficiencies. The unique and intensive nature of this treatment requires distinctive care during
and post the entire transplant course. Nursing intervention for caregivers post autologous bone marrow
transplantation patients at home is an important component of the care that improves and develops knowledge
and practice of the caregivers, to take care of the patients in order to help them follow the demanding
treatment plan to reach recovery. Aim to evaluate the effect of nursing intervention for caregivers of postautologous bone marrow transplantation patients at home. Material and Method: A Quasi-experimental
study was carried out among convenient sample of 143 patients and their caregivers who attended the follow
up clinic during the first six months post autologous bone marrow transplantation. The study was conducted
among patients and their caregivers in three different hospitals Sheikh Zayed Specialized Hospital, National
oncology institute, and Nasser institute at outpatient’s follow-up clinics. A self-administered questionnaire
of patients and their caregivers’ demographic data, and reported checklist of caregivers’ knowledge and
practices toward post-autologous bone marrow transplantation patients at home. Results: there was a
statistically significant difference between pre and post nursing intervention, which indicate improvement in
caregivers’ knowledge and practice post implementation of the nursing intervention program, and positive
correlation between their knowledge and practice. Conclusion and Recommendations: Although caregivers
had adequate knowledge, practice on some aspects, gaps were identified. There is a need for educational
interventions and discharge plan to upgrade knowledge and practices of the caregivers of post autologous
bone marrow transplantation patient at home.
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