Incidence of Hydatidosis in Slaughtered Animals and their Relation to Public Health at Baghdad Province
Keywords:Hydatidosis; Incidence; Cyst; Abattiors; Fertility; Carcasses
Hydatid cysts disease is an important public health problem and economic losses especially at developing
countries such, Iraq. A study of incidence of hydatidosis in sheep and cattle, which are slaughtered food
animals, was carried out at different areas of Baghdad province outside the government abattoirs, during
a period of 18 months from November 2016 to May 2018. Both slaughtered livestock animals (sheep and
cattle) which are local breed of both sexes, they are of difference areas in boundary at Baghdad city, and with
ages having non descriptive features. Hand palpation and visual inspection were followed in this study. A
total , 2594 carcasses were examined comprising 1632 sheep and 962 cattle, from these 33, 11 ( sheep and
cattle) respectively were found to harbour the cysts, recording percentages of (2.0%, 1.1%) respectively. The
predominant location cysts at the liver (48.4%, 45.4% ) in sheep and cattle respectively, next by the lungs ,
in sheep and cattle (39.3%, 36.3%) respectively. Next to the mixed organs (liver + lung), the incidence was
(18.1%) in cattle and (9.0%) in sheep. The percentage of cysts in heart of sheep was (3.0%) but in cattle it
was (0%) Zero. The results revealed that fertile cysts only, were present in sheep with (87.8%) fertility. Cysts
in the organs ranged(1-13,2-7) in sheep and cattle respectively. It can be observed that , sheep play a major
role for distributions the disease. Suggestive control measures and public health hazard were mentioned.
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