The Exposure of Gap Competence causes in Stunting Children Ages 0-12 Months in Makassar Indonesia: Cross-Sectional Study
Keywords:Parenting Competency Gap, Stunting
Introduction, The parenting gap is believed to be one of the variables that influence stunting. The Objectives
of this study to identify gaps in care (feeding practices, care, hygiene, and treatment of children) and
incidence of stunting. Method this study is a cross-sectional, conducted in March-June 2020 in Makassar City
Indonesia. The sample size was 82 people, of children aged 0-12 months. The data collectors are alumni of
applied nutrition and dietetics degrees, trained for 2 days in health protocol, interviews, and anthropometry.
The instrument in this study was developed from the UNICEF. The result, found that mothers and fathers
graduated from high school, 43% and 59.8%, respectively. The work of mothers as housewives is 84.1% and
fathers are private employees as much as 36.6%. The parenting competency gap in the feeding practice of
children aged 0-6 months, 7-9 months, and 10-12 months is 20.9%, 71.79%, and 92.31%, respectively. The
results of statistical analysis showed that there was an effect of parenting competency gaps on stunting (p
= 0.000). The conclusion is that the parenting competency gap is proven to affect the incidence of stunting.
The suggestion is that it is necessary to increase the capacity of mothers in child care practices/
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