Level of Knowledge and Family Support toward Medication Adherence among Patient with Diabetes Mellitus in Malang, Indonesia
Keywords:Knowledge, Family Support, Medication adherence, Diabetes Mellitus
Patient compliance with long-term therapy for chronic diseases in developing countries is still low. Efforts to
control blood sugar levels remain normal with medication adherence depending on family support and patient
knowledge of the disease. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the level of knowledge
and family support with medication adherence in patients with diabetes mellitus in Malang, Indonesia. The
study design was cross-sectional. The sample of this study was 48 people with diabetes mellitus recorded
in Ciptomulyo Health Center. This study uses a simple random sampling technique. The questionnaire used
consisted of demographic data, knowledge, family support, and medication adherence. The results of the
study were that there is no relationship between the variable level of knowledge and medication adherence
in patients with diabetes mellitus with a significance value of p = 0.561. There was a relationship between
family support and medication adherence in patients with diabetes mellitus with a significance value of p =
0,000 and a Correlation Coefficient value of 0.616 which indicates a significant relationship with a strong
degree of relationship strength. There is a relationship between family support and medication adherence
in patients with diabetes mellitus at the Ciptmulyo Health Center. The better the family support, the more
obedient the patient is undergoing treatment.
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