Factors that Contribute to the QTc Interval Prolongation in DR-TB Patients on STR Regimen

Authors

  • Tutik Kusmiati1 , Ni Made Mertaniasih2 , Johanes Nugroho Eko Putranto3 , Budi Suprapti4 , Desak Putu Agung Krisdanti5 , Yulia Devina Suci Kusumastrini 5 , Soedarsono6

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13641

Keywords:

QTc interval prolongation, STR regimen, Drug Resistance Tuberculosis (DR-TB)

Abstract

Introduction: QTc interval prolongation is one of the adverse drug reaction of several drugs used in DR-TB
patients treated with STR regimen. Drug-induced QTc prolongation can predispose patient to develop lifethreatening arrhythmia, increasing hospital length of stay and mortality. This study aims to determine factors
that contribute to QTc prolongation in DR-TB patients on STR regimen.
Methods. This was an observational retrospective study using medical records of DR-TB patients who
received STR regimen from August 2017 to March 2019 in tertiary hospital DR Soetomo, Surabaya,
Indonesia. QTc interval was calculated by Fredericia formula. The influence of risk factors (age, body
weight (BW), Body Mass Index (BMI), gender, comorbid, potassium, sodium and QTc baseline) with QTc
prolongation was analyzed using multiple regression. The relationship between Moxifloxacin dosage and
QTc was analyzed using Chi-Square test.
Results Out of the 113 DR-TB patients who received the STR therapy regimen, 98 patients were eligible for
this study. They consist of 62 (%) male; 36 (%) female. Thirty-five (35,7%) of them had Diabetes Mellitus
as a comorbid disease. The mean age of the patients was 44±11 years, with the mean of BMI was 20.20±
3.73. Potassium and Sodium levels at the baseline were 4.192 ± 0.58 and 138.05 ± 4.562 respectively. The
QTc baseline before receiving STR regimen was 431.9±30,617ms. Patients received a dose of moxifloxacin
400 mg (5.1%) , 600 mg (59,2%), and 800 mg (35,7%) according to body weight. There were no correlation
between age, BW, gender, comorbid, and sodium baseline with QTc. There were correlation between
potassium (p=0,001), BMI (p=0,006) and QTc baseline (p <0,001) with QTc.
Conclusion QTc baseline and potassium level are factors that contribute to the prolongation of the QTc
interval.

Author Biography

Tutik Kusmiati1 , Ni Made Mertaniasih2 , Johanes Nugroho Eko Putranto3 , Budi Suprapti4 , Desak Putu Agung Krisdanti5 , Yulia Devina Suci Kusumastrini 5 , Soedarsono6

1
Medical Staff, Department Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas AirlanggaDr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, 2Professor, Departement of Medical Microbiology,
Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia,3Associate Professor, Department of Vascular
and Cardiology Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga-Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital,
Surabaya 60286, Indonesia, 4Associate Professor, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Airlangga-Universitas
Airlangga Teaching Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia, 5
Resident, Department Pulmonology and Respiratory
Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga-Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya,
Indonesia, 6 Associate Professor, Department Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine,
Universitas Airlangga-Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Tutik Kusmiati1 , Ni Made Mertaniasih2 , Johanes Nugroho Eko Putranto3 , Budi Suprapti4 , Desak Putu Agung Krisdanti5 , Yulia Devina Suci Kusumastrini 5 , Soedarsono6. (2020). Factors that Contribute to the QTc Interval Prolongation in DR-TB Patients on STR Regimen . Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 15(1), 1605-1612. https://doi.org/10.37506/ijfmt.v15i1.13641

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